The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recently revised the interpretive guidelines for 42 C.F.R. § 482.521 , which governs hospital conditions of participation (COPs) for anesthesia services. CMS revised the guidelines to clarify: (1) which anesthesia services fall under the § 482.52(a) rules that govern which practitioners may administer anesthesia; and (2) which anesthesia services require pre-, intra-, and post-operative anesthesia evaluations under § 482.52(b). This article summarizes the new interpretive guidelines for § 482.52 and explains how these guidelines affect the Medicare COPs for hospitals providing anesthesia services.
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